Decoding Quantum: 7 Revolutionary Milestones That Defined 2023

Quantum Computing

In 2023, the quantum ecosystem witnessed significant strides in research and development, underscoring a dynamic interplay of Collaboration and Competition among companies, both large and small. The year’s achievements stand as a testament to the industry’s positive trajectory, with numerous innovations, global expansions, and cross-sector collaborations contributing to the overarching goals of QC.

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Collaboration and Competition: Twin Pillars of Quantum Progress:

The quantum journey of 2023 illuminated a crucial understanding – the symbiotic relationship between Collaboration and Competition. Recognizing quantum computing’s potential to reshape the computing landscape, the industry emphasized the need for both internal and external collaborations to ensure success.

Breakthroughs in Quantum Computing:

1. Google’s Quantum Leap (February and November):

Google's Quantum Computing

Google’s breakthrough in Error Correction showcased that a 17-qubit system could recover from one error, and a 49-qubit system could recover from two simultaneous errors. This marked a significant milestone, solidifying Google’s pivotal role in the quantum landscape.

2.Amazon’s Quantum Chip (November):


Amazon introduced a revolutionary quantum chip, suppressing errors by 100x. Combining passive and active error correction approaches, Amazon’s chip promised quantum error correction six times more efficiently than standard methods.

3. IBM’s Roadmap Clarity (Throughout the Year):

IBM Humming Bird Chip

IBM Scientists unveiled a novel Error Correction scheme, utilizing 10x fewer qubits. This discovery brought clarity to IBM’s quantum roadmap for the next decade.


4. Riverlane’s Decoder Chip (Throughout the Year):

Riverlane's Quantum chip

Riverlane introduced an Error Correction Decoder Chip, addressing the complexity of decoding large arrays of error-corrected qubits. This innovation paved the way for future integrated chip-based decoder architectures.

5. SEEQC’s Quantum Reference System and Fully Digital Chipset (March and Later in the Year):

Seeqc digital Quantum chip

SEEQC debuted its first quantum reference system, SEEQC System Red, and later introduced a fully digital chipset for full-stack quantum computers. Leveraging SFQ chip methodology, SEEQC’s chips promised Energy-Efficient QC.

6. Intel’s Quantum Ecosystem Expansion (June):

Intel's QC

Intel’s spin silicon 12-qubit chip marked a significant expansion of the quantum ecosystem, benefiting from the experience and resources of legacy chip providers.

7. Atom Computing and IBM’s 1,000 Qubit Systems (Throughout the Year):

atomics quantum Computing

Atom Computing reached the milestone of 1,000 qubits in a quantum computer. IBM followed suit in December, unveiling its own 1,000 qubit system, showcasing the potential for larger systems.

Quantum Goes Global: From Spain to Italy:

Quantum’s global expansion in 2023 marked pivotal firsts in validating the technology across the globe.

IQM in Spain, Riken Research Institute in Japan, SEEQC in Italy (Throughout the Year):

IQM delivered the first processing units for quantum computers to Spain, strengthening Europe’s regional quantum industry. Japan’s Riken Research Institute launched the country’s first gate-based quantum computer, solidifying the APAC region’s role. SEEQC built Italy’s first full-stack quantum computer, aligning with the Italian government’s commitment to investing in QC.

 Collaboration Opens Quantum’s Future: Across Industries and Academia

Cross-industry partnerships and collaborations emerged as impactful catalysts for quantum development, reflecting the global demand for quantum computing in various industries.

1. IBM and Moderna’s Collaboration (Throughout the Year):

IBM collaborated with Moderna to explore the impact of QC and generative AI on mRNA science, showcasing potential applications in Pharmaceuticals. Click here to learn more .

2. NVIDIA’s Quantum-Focused Collaborations (Throughout the Year):

NVIDIA announced collaborations, including a project with SEEQC, pursuing the world’s first CPU, GPU, and QPU chip integration for a high-powered system with infrastructure for quantum AI and other applications. Click here to learn more.

3. Harvard and QuEra’s Quantum Processor (Throughout the Year):

Harvard, in collaboration with QuEra, developed the first Programmable, Logical Quantum Processor, encoding up to 48 logical qubits, signifying progress in neutral atom QC systems. Click here to learn more.

Looking Ahead to 2024: A Promising Future:

As 2023 concludes, the quantum industry stands at the brink of transformative developments. Collaborations are poised to thrive, unveiling new capabilities in quantum technology. With the infusion of Chips and Science Act funds directly impacting the quantum computing industry, the quantum odyssey of 2024 promises even greater strides. The industry’s collective commitment continues to unlock the full potential of QC, reinforcing its status as a revolutionary force in the world of technology.

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